27 February Feb 2013 1556 27 February 2013

Youth employment challenges in Maputo, together with the European Union

6.300 young people,  aged 16-24, live in Maputo, in the District of Chamanculo C with 26,000 inhabitants. Only 2, 400 youth attended the primary school, about 1,250 haven’t received education at all, and around 3,000 are unemployed. The project “The working world: new challenges for the youth of Chamanculo C” aims to give them a hope.

According to the National Institute of Statistics (Census 2007), the unemployment rate in Mozambique is approximately 17%. Maputo is one of the most difficult areas with about 40% of the population living without a formal or informal job but it’s in the suburbs that unemployment reaches its dramatic height: 48% of young people aged 15-24 neither work nor study.

 “The major problem of our neighborhood, from an urban point of view, is the lack of sewage and drainage systems. When it rains, 50% of families’ houses are flooded… This is why we have registered cases of cholera and malaria. From a social point of view, the biggest problem is youth unemployment, which leads to increased crime rates and insecurity in our neighborhood.” Chamanculo C Neighborhood Secretary

In order to address this issue, in February AVSI launched a biennial  project, co-funded by the European Union, which  aims to increase employment opportunities for 3,000 young people living in Chamanculo C, one of the most disadvantaged District of the capital city, by providing them with holistic education focused on personal and professional development, and introduction to the labor market.
The project is led by AVSI Foundation and implemented in partnership with: the  Salesian Missions; Khandlelo, Mozambican Youth Development Organization; ASSCODECHA, Community Development Organization of Chamanculo C; the City Council of Maputo: Education Commission, Economic Commission; CESAL, Spanish NGO; in collaboration with: the Ministry of Labor - INEFP, National Institution for Employment and Professional Formation.
Several activities will be carried out within the project: assessment of the labor market to identify the most in-demand jobs in Maputo; vocational training and updating;  classroom equipment and improvement of the teaching manuals; awareness-raising activities on Corporate Social Responsibility; comprehensive human education including topics such as discovery of personal identity, motivation, importance of work, civic education, personal hygiene, job search; implementation of a Vocational Guidance Center, with the presence of social workers and experts,  to help young people to find a job in the District, write and print their curricula, check and apply for on-line job offers, meet businesses;  literacy courses.

The goal is to find a dignified job that will enable young people to support themselves and their families. Our desire is that each young person can discover and thrive in his/her own talents. Talents that each of them possesses, even those who have grown up in a very difficult context. We use the method AVSI has applied for many years in the favelas of Brazil, as well as here in Africa: in Uganda and Kenya, for example” Felisbela Materula, Sociologist, AVSI Mozambique